How sound is a "saheeh" hadith?

{ Sunday, April 15, 2012 }
Something short to think about.
Bukhari, considered a big authority on the narrating of hadiths, classified the following hadith as saheeh:


Sahih Bukhari, Book 52: Volume 4, Number 110: Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar I heard the Prophet saying. "Evil omen is in three things: The horse, the woman and the house."


The following comes from "Why the Prophet Mohammed married more than one" by Ahmad Mohammad El Hawfy, Ph.D, Translated by Ahmad Ibrahim El Orfaly From the Supreme Council 
for Islamic Affairs, Cairo, A.R.E.published 1976


(The text can be found on Yosra's blog: http://afterhardship.blogspot.com/2011/01/why-prophet-muhammad-married-more-than.html)


When she (Aisha) was told that Abu Horaira said that God's Messenger said, "Evil is in three: the house, the woman, and the mare," she said, "Abu Horaira's memory failed him. He came upon God's Messenger while saying, "May God curse the Jews who say that evil is in three: the house, the woman, and the mare. He heard the last part of the tradition and missed the first part."  


Here is another hadith by bukhari that clearly contradicts the previous one: He says: “(Believing in) bad omen is a form of idolatry. It may occur to anyone of us, but God clears it away when we rely totally on Him.” (Related by Al-Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad, al-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawood)


Here another one:  Abu Hurayrah quotes the Prophet as saying: “Do not entertain bad omen. The best of it is the good one.” Asked which is the good one, the Prophet answered: “A good word any of you may hear.” (Related by al-Bukhari and Ahmad).



11 comments:

Candice said...

Abu Huraira is the chain of narration for more hadiths than any other person, and a lot of the ones I disagree with come from him like ones against women and ones against dogs. Is it something Bukhary either didn't notice or he overlooked? For sure any human, no matter how pure his intentions has biases and we need to keep that in mind, I think.

Safiyah said...

I also noticed Abu Huraira narrated a lot of the women unfriendly ones, and I also heard more than once that he wasn't all that trustworthy. I also read that apparently the saheeh Bukhari is full of contradictions, although I haven't verified this for myself, it does make me wonder how all this contradictory hadiths can be saheeh, especially when they were corrected by Aisha herself (who naturally must be a much bigger authority than Abu Huraira!). Strange, very strange.

Huda said...

I cannot believe you have taken it upon yourself to judge the science of hadeeth and its most profound scholar. Even students of hadeeth who spend years studying and have a wealth of knowledge more than you or I would not question it so brashly for fear that Allah (swt) would be displeased with something their tongues might utter out of their ignorance.

Just because Bukhari relates something which doesn't correlate with another hadeeth he relates, doesn't mean that the hadeeths are not authentic or from reliable sources; it could be a difference in wording between different chains and those differences are noted and then extensive in depth commentaries and analysis are made.

Be very aware of the Shaytaans plot to make us fall into doubt, which can lead to worse consequences if we go too deep down that path. By all means, question and ponder, we are encouraged to do that in Islam. But giving out our own verdicts and spreading them to other people when we have no authority to do so is something we should steer clear of.

Safiyah said...

Well it seems to me that the whole science of hadith is based on the belief that the companions are infallible, which I personally think is shirk, because only God is infallible.

It also surprises me that a hadith that Aisha corrected, is still classified as sahih. I think there are grounds for doubt here.

HijabRockers said...

Assalamu'alaikum.

I've been reading this post again and again since yesterday. InshaAllah one day Allah will make you understand that everything in Islam is not based on just 'thinking'. There are certain guidelines that we need to follow and be very careful about in order to comment about anything Islam-related.

Abu Hurairah is a respectable companion to Rasulullah SAW and Rasulullah SAW loves his companions dearly. Be very careful in criticizing about the trustworthiness of any of the companions.

At-Tawbah 100
"And the foremost to embrace Islam of the Muhajirin and the Ansar and also those who followed them exactly (in faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success".

('Foremost' here means the companions. The companions held a high standard in Rasulullah's eyes and heart as narrated in many hadiths.).

I understand that you have just embraced Islam and there are a lot of things that you think about. InshaAllah in time, Allah will make you understand more and more. Be patient and make a lot of du'a for Allah to give hedayat and understanding to the entire ummah about the many issues in Islam. The best thing to do is to attend proper religion classes instead of reading things online and stuff like that.

Good luck, sis =)

Candice said...

I think that it's not a crazy thing to wonder why hadiths that go against Qur'an and that contradict other hadiths and that are related by a person who was criticized by the prophet's favourite wife are classified as hadiths.

Is it really supposed to be so complicated to understand that regular intelligent people cannot understand? This is like the trinity being too complicated for regular intelligent Christians to understand. And to me, the trinity cannot be understood without going to a very far-fetched place because it doesn't actually make the sense it's supposed to make.

amatullah76 said...

The following two verses demonstrate why it's imperative to question hadith, should you choose to follow them at all. It's shameful that hadith, man-made, have been elevated to the same status as the very word of God.

These are God's revelations that we recite to you truthfully. In which Hadith other than God and His revelations do they believe? (45:6)

And

The word of your Lord is complete, in truth and justice. Nothing shall abrogate His words. He is the Hearer, the Omniscient. (6:115)

Safiyah said...

These are definitely verses to ponder about. I think that if a hadith goes against the Quran,it should not be taken into account at all. I mean, it's logic itself!

Huda said...

amatullah76 since when has the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings of Allah be upon him been equated to the word of God?

I find it peculiar that you have made such an exaggerated statement. The hadith are not infallible and that is why we have so many categories of hadith and many are outright fabricated and the scholars of hadith acknowledge that and do not take it lightly.

Besides that ayah you have quoted about "Hadith", firstly, you should know the tafseer of that ayah and WHO it is referring to, secondly hadith is a general word in Arabic which means speech so anyone can have "hadith", its just that we take Allah's Book as His Hadith and infallible Word and then we also take the Prophet Muhammad's hadith, that of it which is sound, as our secondary source, because as stated many times in the Quran: "Obey Allah and His Messenger"

O ye who believe! obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best, and most suitable for final determination. (4: 59)

And whoever obeys Allâh and His Messenger, he has won a great success. (33:71)

Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and beware (of evil): if ye do turn back, know ye that it is Our Messenger’s duty to proclaim (the Message) in the clearest manner. (5: 92).

Obedience to Allah is following His Word and Command. Obedience to the Messenger is following his example as best as we can, and how else can you follow his example if you don't know what it is?

Huda said...

Candice you need to understand the Arabic of hadith too before you take what the English says so literally. Ayesha did not "criticize" him as you say, she corrected him. Yes they were human and yes they made mistakes at times. And if the Prophet Muhammad said something or did something it would often be to different people, so sometimes each person would have a slightly different account.

If you really want to go in depth with hadith study so you can understand it more, you do need to learn the arabic language so you can fully understand the context within which they were said. And that takes years of study, learning the grammar, syntax, etymology etc. I mean we know nothing compared to the people till today who focus solely on attaining knowledge to this high level.

Anyway as HijabRockers said there is a certain amount of knowledge one needs to have before coming to a final conclusion about anything in life. Only a fool comes to a final conclusion based on heresay, doubt or conjecture. Or the internet! And we are not fools insha Allah. May Allah guide us all and keep us firm in our belief, ameen.

Safiyah said...

I can't count the times I came across "hasan" hadiths or less being used in an Islamic texts or even published books! Even hadiths that only Albani considered sahih but most of the scholars consider weak! I think the message of this post should be: don't take a hadith at face-value, but make sure it's in line with the Quran and look up the different versions of the hadith.

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